Facts about Periodontitis

Periodontitis is the most prevalent type of periodontal disease, affecting about 75% of all Americans over 35. This is a condition that affects both men and women equally. It is characterised by bone loss around the teeth and is caused by gum inflammation and infection. While symptoms can appear as early as puberty, the disease is usually diagnosed in the fourth or fifth decade of life due to its progressive, cumulative nature. Get the facts about Periodontics see this.
Without care, the infection erodes the jawbone that protects the teeth over time. The decay weakens the ligaments (attachments) and loosens the teeth, causing them to fall out on their own or require extraction.
Deep pockets filled with plaque can cause a bad taste in the mouth and are extremely difficult to clean. The exposed root surfaces of the teeth become extremely sensitive to heat and cold as the disease progresses. Furthermore, exposed root surfaces lack protective enamel, making them more vulnerable to cavities.
Periodontitis comes in a variety of forms.
There are five different forms of periodontitis, with chronic periodontitis being the most common. Here’s a quick rundown of each:
1) Chronic Periodontitis – This type of periodontitis is characterised by the formation of periodontal pockets over time. It’s also divided into localised and generalised forms, as well as mild, moderate, and extreme levels of devastation.
2) Aggressive Periodontitis – This form of periodontitis involves a rapid loss of periodontal attachment in relation to the patient’s age. It’s also divided into localised and generalised forms, as well as mild, moderate, and extreme levels of devastation. It’s most common in puberty, and it can run in families. There may be an underlying immune system issue.
3) Periodontitis as a Symptom of Systemic Disease-Patients with certain blood disorders (for example, leukaemia) or genetic diseases (for example, Down syndrome) are more likely to develop periodontitis. This is frequently attributed to the body’s diminished capacity to resist infection (immunosuppression).
4) Necrotizing Ulcerative Periodontitis (NUP)-This form of periodontitis is characterised by a sudden onset of pain and bone loss, as well as gum ulcerations and bad breath. Malnutrition, psychological stress, smoking, lack of sleep, and an overall inability to combat infection are all factors that play a role. After soldiers returning from the trenches of World War I, NUP was dubbed “trench mouth.”
5) Periodontitis Associated with Endodontic Lesions-Bone loss may occur at the root tip when a tooth becomes infected and needs a root canal or endodontic therapy.
Periodontitis Symptoms
Periodontitis is asymptomatic in its early stages. During this time, disease symptoms may mimic those of gingivitis (bleeding, red gums and bad breath). Symptoms that can appear as the disease progresses include[ii]:
The teeth are loosening.
Teeth that ache when the temperature fluctuates
Gums that are sore and swollen and bleed easily
When you rub your gums or teeth, it hurts.
Gums that are shiny, bright red, or reddish-purple.
Despite brushing and flossing, you still have bad breath.
Periodontitis symptoms can intensify with time if left untreated.
What Causes Periodontitis and How Can It Be Prevented?
Periodontitis is caused by plaque buildup on the teeth, which hardens and hardens into calculus (tartar) that is difficult to extract with brushing and flossing. The gums are infected by bacteria found in plaque and calculus. Gingivitis is the name for the condition at this stage (“infection of the gums”). If plaque and calculus remain on a prone person’s teeth, however, the condition progresses and becomes periodontitis (“infection around the tooth”).
Toxins produced by some plaque bacteria erode the bone. When the bone deteriorates, the gum tissue deteriorates as well, resulting in deep pockets between the teeth and gums. These bacteria may also get into the bloodstream and spread to other parts of the body.
Hormones may also play a role in periodontitis development, especially in pregnant women. Medical conditions such as diabetes and heart disease have also been shown to play a role in periodontal disease.