A podiatrist is a specialized doctor dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of different disorders of the foot and ankle, particularly those relating to the skin, nerves, bones, and ligaments. Usually, a podiatrist specializes in a certain branch of medicine such as orthopedics, geriatrics, neurology, cardiovascular disease, pediatrics, or surgery. Usually, podiatrists provide diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disorders like arthritis, corns and calluses, hammertoes, blisters, nail fractures, podiatry, tendonitis, foot pain in the heel or ankle, plantar warts, shingles, ulcers, fractures of the skull, hand surgery, and wrist surgery. Podiatrists often collaborate with other specialists in the field to provide a comprehensive treatment. You may find more details about this at find out
A podiatrist can perform various tests like x-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, and bone scans. He can diagnose an ingrown toenail by using x-ray, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound techniques. If the toenail is showing signs of inflammation or infection, a podiatrist may order skin biopsy, tissue culture, or inject a toxin into the ingrown toenail to destroy the offending bacteria. Treatments for these conditions include topical medication, local therapy, or surgery. The doctor may also suggest remedial measures such as wearing closed-toed shoes, frequent trimming of toenails, wearing night splints under the foot, wearing orthotic insoles, and wearing splints that keep the joints in the feet under less pressure.
Before performing any foot care procedure, the podiatrist must ensure that the patient has a correct diagnosis. A diabetic patient must first undergo a complete foot exam to determine the degree of foot pain, swelling, or deformity and determine the appropriate treatment. This includes x-rays, blood test, and diagnostic photographs. The podiatrist can use this information to design a treatment plan that will prevent further complications in future foot problems. In many cases, a podiatrist treats diabetic foot problems similar to arthritis, explaining why it’s important for the two to collaborate. By following specific stretches and exercises and making changes to footwear and foot products, a diabetic can effectively control and even reverse chronic foot problems.