Acne vulgaris, also called acne vulgaris or acne rosacea is the most common form of skin acne that results in pimples, blackheads, whiteheads and bumps usually found on the face, neck, shoulders and back. Acne vulgaris has an enormous impact on a patient’s quality of life, impacting both psychosocial and self-esteem. Physicians and patients are confronted with a multitude of over-the-counter and prescribed acne medications and determining the best treatment can be quite confusing. The usual recommendations for mild acne consisting of topical treatment with benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics, retinoids, and the like; however, the acne treatment regimen may vary depending upon the patient characteristics, the severity of the acne, as well as the doctor’s recommendation. Have a look at Acne Treatment.
Acne vulgaris can be classified into two major types: blackheads and whiteheads. Blackheads are open comedones, which contain dead cells and sebum oil. Whiteheads are closed comedones composed of hair, oil and debris trapped between the sebum and the comedone. Acne vulgaris that is of the black or whitehead type is normally treated using topical antibiotics, retinoids and/or retinoic acid. In severe acne vulgaris, sometimes additional medications are required.
Topical medications are available only as a treatment to the external manifestation of acne; therefore, topical medications are not aimed at clearing away the internal impurity in the skin. Topical medications are mostly used to treat acne symptoms like burning, itching, redness and swelling. Topical medications do not cure acne, but help to manage the acne symptoms. If you are thinking of using topical medications to manage your acne, you should discuss these options with your doctor.